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Tehran

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Tehran” comes from the Persian words “Tah” meaning “end or bottom” and “Ran” meaning “[mountain] slope”—literally, bottom of the mountain slope. Given Tehran’s geographic position at the bottom of the slope of the Alborz Mountains, this appears to be the most plausible explanation of the origin of the name of the city.
Tehran is a sprawling city at the foot of the Alborz mountain range with an immense network of highways unparalleled in western Asia. It is also the hub of the country’s railway network. The city has numerous large museums, art centers, palace complexes and cultural centers.
More than half of Iran’s industry is based in Tehran. Industries include the manufacturing of automobiles, electronics and electrical equipment, military weaponry, textiles, sugar, cement, and chemical products. It is also a leading center for the sale of carpets and furniture. There is an oil refinery nearby.
About 30% of Iran’s public-sector workforce and 45% of large industrial firms are located in Tehran and almost half of these workers work for the government. Most of the remainder of workers are factory workers, shopkeepers, laborers, and transport workers. Few foreign companies operate in Tehran because of the Islamic government and its poor relations with the west. But before the Islamic revolution many western companies were active in this region. Today many modern industries of this city include the manufacturing of automobiles, electronics and electrical equipment, weaponry, textiles, sugar, cement, and chemical products. It is also a leading center for the sale of carpets and furniture. There is an oil refinery nearby. The city has two airports, including Mehrabad International Airport, and Imam Khomeini International Airport. In 2001 a metro system that had been in planning since the 1970s opened the first two of seven envisaged lines — even though the city is prone to earthquakes.tehran_subway.jpg
Tehran relies heavily on private cars, buses, motorcycles, and taxis, and is one of the most car-dependent cities in the world. The Tehran Stock Exchange, which is a full member of the Federation Internationale des Bourses de Valeurs (FIBV) and a founding member of the Federation of Euro-Asian Stock Exchanges, was one of the world’s best performing stock exchanges in recent years.
While the center of the city houses the government ministries and headquarters, the commercial centers are more located toward “Valiasr Street”, “Taleghani Ave”, and “Beheshti Ave”. Further north. Although administratively separate, Rey, Shemiran, and Karaj are often considered part of the larger Tehran metropolitan area.
Tehran also contains Iran’s largest military academy, and several religious schools and seminaries.
Tehran was the first city in the Middle East to host the Asian Games. The 7th Asian Summer Games in 1974, was held with the participation of 2,363 athletes and officials from 25 countries.
Tehran is also the site of Iran’s national football stadium on Azadi Sport Complex with 100,000 seating capacity. Many of the top matches of Iran’s Premier League are held here.
Within 10 minutes of driving distance from Tehran lies a ski resort. Tochal is the world’s fifth highest ski resort at over 3,730 meters (12,240 ft) at its highest 7th station. The resort was completed in 1976 shortly before the overthrow of the Shah.
The Azadi Tower is the first landmark visitors come across when arriving from the Mehrabad International Airport. The tower has become an icon for Tehran and a national symbol of Iran.                                                             1.jpg
The Tehran International Trade and Convention Center, also called The Milad Complex, is one of the largest structures in Iranian architecture. It is scheduled to be finished in late 2007. The complex contains the world’s 4th highest tower which has several restaurants, a five star hotel, a convention center, a world trade center, and an IT park (to be completed by March 2007). The complex seeks to respond to the needs of business in the globalized world of the 21st century by offering facilities combining trade, information, communication, convention and accommodation all in one place. The Milad Tower is predicted to replace the long-time symbol of Tehran, the Azadi Tower.
Tehran, like many big cities, suffers from severe air pollution and the city is often covered by smog making breathing difficult and causing widespread pulmonary illnesses. It is estimated that about 27 people die each day from pollution-related diseases.tehran.jpg
source:www.wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.org
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One Response to “Tehran”

  1. Lot’s of cool info. Dammet garm.
    I read in Abbas Milani’s book that “Tehran” comes from “tah” + “raan” because the original inhabitants of the village builit there houses underground as a defense against invaders (moghols?). When the bad guys came, they would hide underground, hence “tah” (bottom) + “raan” (one who is driven to…).


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